lunes, 30 de abril de 2012

Lenguas, genes y culturas en la prehistoria de Europa y Asia sur occidental



Libro: Lenguas genes y culturas en la prehistoria de Europa y Asia sur occidental
Autores: FERNÁNDEZ ÁLVAREZ, María Pilar; PRÓSPER, Blanca María; VILLAR, Francisco; JORDÁN, Carlos
Tapa blanda
Editor: UNIV. SALAMANCA (16 de febrero de 2012)
Colección: EF (Estudios Filológicos), 331

La sinergia de dos ciencias ajenas a la Lingüística, como son la Arqueología y la Genética de Poblaciones, ha permitido en la última década grandes avances en el conocimiento de los sucesos poblacionales del continente europeo desde su primera colonización por el Homo Sapiens Sapiens hace unos 45.000-50.000 años. Sin embargo, la filiación de las poblaciones que los protagonizaron continúa siendo objeto de conjeturas y debates.

El propósito de este trabajo es aportar algunos criterios objetivos que ayuden a identificar las familias lingüísticas a que pertenecían esas poblaciones, para establecer de esa forma su identidad étnica, de manera que las poblaciones prehistóricas de Europa dejen de ser anónimas. Vía Paleorama en Red

Entrevista a Josep María Parés. Geología y métodos de datación

Vídeo YouTube (el 29/04/2012 por HISANHIS) añadido a Paleo Vídeos > Prehistoria de España y Portugal > L.R.1.5 nº 7.

¿Cómo se determina la edad de los grupos humanos que habitaron nuestro planeta hace miles de años? Esta es sin duda una de las primeras cuestiones que surgen cuando nos acercamos al mundo de la prehistoria y qué es planteada sin excepción cuándo se visitan entornos como los de la Sierra de Atapuerca... Historias antes de la Historia

Encuesta callejera: ¿Qué sabes sobre la Prehistoria?

Vídeo YouTube (el 29/04/2012 por HistoriadorEnSerie) añadido a Paleo Vídeos > Prehistoria de España y Portugal > L.R.1.5 nº 6.

Dos historiadores salen a la calle en busca de un objetivo, evaluar los conocimientos que posee la gente de a pie sobre la Prehistoria, ¿se esperaban estos resultados o ha sido una sorpresa? (Vídeo sólo con audio).

Two possible excavation spots revealed at Old Vero Man site

VERO BEACH — Results from a ground penetrating radar survey conducted in March at the Old Vero Man site in Vero Beach show there may be two areas worth excavating.

In a report presented Sunday at a meeting of Old Vero Ice Age Sites Committee, two areas are mentioned as likely places to find undisturbed ground that would yield archaeological and zoological remains.

Area 1 is parallel to the Main Relief Canal and adjoins the parking lot of the County Administration Building. Area 2 is north of the canal, east of Aviation Boulevard and west of U.S. 1.

The Old Vero Man site has been evaluated and selected by scientists as having a high probability of containing significant fossils and artifacts. Around 1915, dredging at this site unearthed human remains possibly 13,000 years old, along with the remains of extinct animals including mammoth, mastodon, saber-tooth cat and ancient species of tapir, horse and sloth.

Susan Grandpierre, who chairs the Old Vero Ice Age Sites Committee, said she was excited by the results of the radar survey conducted by archeologist Dr. Jessie Pincus from Mnemotrix Systems in College Point, Texas.

"We have now completed the technical groundwork for a possible excavation," said Grandpierre. "Everybody has been working together to figure out where are the best places to dig."
...
tcpalm.com
Entrada relacionada: 08-03-12. Team to use ground-penetrating radar to search Old Vero Man site at Vero Beach Municipal Airport

Scientists establish age of mammoth found near Kennewick

Scientists now know how old a mammoth skeleton is that is being dug up just south of Kennewick -- 17,450 years.

That makes it a fairly recent skeleton for a North American mammoth. Columbian mammoths roamed the area from about 400,000 to 11,000 years ago, dying out with 90 percent of other large mammals at the end of the last major Ice Age.

The animal is older than Kennewick Man, whose 9,300-year-old skeleton was found on the banks of the Columbia River in 1996. The two would have missed each other by about 8,000 years.

The age of the mammoth skeleton was determined through radiocarbon dating and is believed to be accurate to plus or minus 25 years, said George Last, a senior research geologist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland.

It's not uncommon to find mammoth bones in the Ice Age flood deposits of Eastern Washington.

However, few have been excavated and studied to the exacting scientific standards that modern paleontolgy and archaeology require, according to the MCBONES Research Center Foundation of the Coyote Canyon Mammoth Site near Kennewick.

Researchers, who are also collecting other animal bones and plant seeds as the mammoth is excavated, are trying to capture data to show how plants and animals changed over time.
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Read more here: Mid-Columbia news

Rare animal-shaped mounds discovered in Peru

29-03-12. For more than a century and a half, scientists and tourists have visited massive animal-shaped mounds, such as Serpent Mound in Ohio, created by the indigenous people of North America. But few animal effigy mounds had been found in South America until an anthropology professor recently identified numerous earthen animals rising above the coastal plains of Peru, a region already renowned for the Nazca lines, the ruined city of Chan Chan, and other cultural treasures.

"The mounds will draw tourists, one day," Benfer said. "Some of them are more than 4,000 years old. Compare that to the effigy mounds of North America, which date to between 400 and 1200 AD. The oldest Peruvian mounds were being built at the same time as the pyramids in Egypt."

Benfer identified the mounds, which range from five meters (16.5 feet) to 400 meters (1,312 feet) long in each of the six valleys he surveyed in coastal Peru. The mounds pre-date ceramics and were probably built using woven baskets to carry and pile up rock and soil... ScienceDaily

Link 2: Peru animal mounds likely oldest ever found

Descubren en el Perú enigmáticos túmulos con formas de animales

30-04-12. ... Las túmulos recién descubiertos, al parecer huacas (túmulos funerarios de Centroamérica y Sudamérica), se asemejan a las Líneas de Nazca en el hecho de que las figuras que representan se aprecian mejor desde gran altura. La edad de estas singulares edificaciones varía, alcanzando hasta unos 4.000 años. Las más antiguas fueron construidas alrededor de la misma época que las pirámides de Egipto.

El equipo de Robert Benfer, profesor emérito de antropología en la Universidad de Misuri, Estados Unidos, identificó las huacas en las planicies costeras del Perú.

El tamaño de las huacas oscila entre 5 metros (unos 16 pies) y nada menos que 400 metros (1.300 pies) de longitud, en cada uno de los seis valles que Benfer examinó en el litoral peruano. Estas impresionantes construcciones son anteriores a la aparición del arte de fabricar cerámica... [Leer más]