martes, 11 de junio de 2013

£3.5m project to research ancient music

Music lecturer to create record label and ‘digital time machine’

MODERN Europeans will hear again the music and the instruments of their distant ancestors – from dwellers in caves to audiences at Greek and Roman amphitheatres – thanks to a £3.5 million project in which a University of Huddersfield lecturer plays a key role.

Dr Rupert Till (pictured) – who is already renowned for projects such as a recreation of the acoustics of Stonehenge – is one of a team of researchers throughout Europe who have devised the European Music Archaeology Project (EMAP). Its aim is to seek a common European musical heritage rooted in antiquity. Dr Till himself will oversee the creation of a special record label, which will feature the project’s findings.

Using a wide range of evidence – including archaeological survivals and ancient pictures – the EMAP researchers will attempt to reconstruct primitive musical instruments from as long ago as 40,000 BC and as “recently” as 400 AD. Specialist performers will then experiment with the recreated instruments and reach conclusions about the type of music that was played on them.

The first video is a virtual reconstruction of Stonehenge using visual and acoustic digital modelling, created by Rupert Till and his project team. (*)



The second is an audio file of the Stonehenge Radio 4 wind drums piece for the European Music Archaeology Project. (*)



“The project is not really designed to recreate ancient music as such,” says Dr Till. “You can’t really know what music sounded like thousands of years ago.  But you can produce music that demonstrates the instruments and some of the techniques used.” [...] hud.ac.uk

(*). Vídeos YouTube añadidos a Paleo Vídeos > Prehistoria Universal > L.R.2.5 nº 32 y 33.

Actualización 14-06-13. Proyecto de la Unión Europea para investigar la música antigua
(Traducción)

La cara ‘humana’ apareció hace un millón de años

El análisis de un hueso de un niño devorado por caníbales en Atapuerca desvela un rostro muy similar al de los humanos actuales

Restos fósiles del chico de la Gran Dolina de Atapuerca.
Hace al menos un millón de años, “un señor X” se paseó por este planeta con una cara similar a la suya. A la de usted, que está leyendo estas líneas. La cara moderna, esa con un perfil plano en el que sobresale la nariz, apareció hace al menos un millón de años en algún lugar entre el este de África y el sur de Europa, según sugieren nuevos datos recién publicados por científicos de España y EEUU. [...] Materia

Referencia: Lacruz RS, de Castro JMB, Martinón-Torres M, O’Higgins P, Paine ML, et al. (2013) Facial Morphogenesis of the Earliest Europeans. PLoS ONE 8(6): e65199. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0065199 Link

Actualización. La cara "moderna" apareció al menos hace un millón de años
Nuevos datos sobre Homo antecessor, publicados en la revista PLOS ONE, claves para el reforzamiento de la especie y para conocer mejor la historia evolutiva del género Homo en el último millón de años...

Actualización 12-06-13: Vídeo. Fósiles encontrados en Atapuerca demuestran que el aspecto del 'homo antecessor' era muy similar al nuestro
 
(Vía MEH)

Gran Dolina TD6: entrevista a Jordi Rosell



Vídeo YouTube por Historias deantesdelahistoria el 10/06/2013 añadido a Paleo Vídeos > Prehistoria de España y Portugal > L.R.1.7 nº 9.

Entrevista a Jordi Rosell, profesor de prehistoria en la Universidad Rovira i Virgili de Tarragona y coordinador de las excavaciones en el yacimiento de Gran Dolina TD6 en Atapuerca. Historias de antes de la historia

Humans Reached South Asia After Major Eruption

40,000 to 50,000 year old stone tools and abstract artistic decorations from South Asia (shown) closely resemble slightly older finds in South and East Africa. CREDIT: Dora Kemp, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge University, Paul Mellars
Humans didn't enter the Indian subcontinent until after the massive eruption of Mount Toba in Sumatra nearly 75,000 years ago, new research suggests — overturning a previous idea that humans arrived much earlier.

The research, published today (June 10) in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, used a combination of archaeological and genetic data to suggest a new earliest possible date for the exodus from Africa to Asia.

The new data suggest humans left Africa to arrive in South Asia around 55,000 to 60,000 years ago — long after the Mount Toba supereruption 74,000 years ago. That contradicts some archaeologists' claims that modern humans have been living in the region for twice that long.

 "The ash from the eruption, which was an absolutely huge eruption, blew across all of India and smothered the whole region in ash," said study co-author Martin Richards, an archaeogeneticist at the University of Huddersfield in the United Kingdom. "Modern humans weren't there when that happened. They arrived afterwards." [...] livescience.com/  

Actualización 13-06-13. Los humanos llegaron al sur de Asia después de la gran erupción del volcán Toba (no antes) (Traducción)