jueves, 10 de octubre de 2013

Hunter-gatherers and immigrant farmers lived together for 2,000 years in Central Europe

Stone Age parallel societies existed up to 5,000 years ago / Forager genes also found in today's Europeans

Indigenous hunter-gatherers and immigrant farmers lived side-by-side for more than 2,000 years in Central Europe, before the hunter-gatherer communities died out or adopted the agricultural lifestyle. The results come from a study undertaken by the Institute of Anthropology at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) that has just been published in the eminent journal Science. A team led by Mainz anthropologist Professor Joachim Burger studied bones from the 'Blätterhöhle' cave near Hagen in Germany, where both hunter-gatherers and farmers were buried. "It is commonly assumed that the Central European hunter-gatherers disappeared soon after the arrival of farmers", said Dr. Ruth Bollongino, lead author of the study. "But our study shows that the descendants of Mesolithic Europeans maintained their hunter-gatherer way of life and lived in parallel with the immigrant farmers, for at least 2,000 years. The hunter-gathering lifestyle thus only died out in Central Europe around 5,000 years ago, much later than previously thought." [...] Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz / eurekalert.org/

Link 2 (University College London) - Link 3 (University of Adelaide)

Actualización 11-10-13. Trazan el mapa de las cuatro migraciones que cambiaron la historia genética de Europa

El análisis del ADN de huesos prehistóricos ha permitido desentrañar los cambios genéticos que dieron origen a las poblaciones modernas de Europa. Dos estudios describen la complejidad de los patrones de migración y las relaciones humanas en el viejo continente desde el Neolítico a la Edad de Bronce, con el cambio de la caza y la recolección a la agricultura y la metalurgia.

El análisis de ADN de dientes y restos óseos prehistóricos ha permitido rastrear la historia genética de la Europa moderna. Dos estudios publicados hoy en Science describen los patrones de migratorios por Centroeuropa durante el cambio hacia a la agricultura entre el Neolítico y la Edad de Bronce. En este periodo muchos cazadores-recolectores mantuvieron sus costumbres mientras otros pueblos ya cultivaban. [...] agenciasinc.es/

Referencias bibliográficas:

Actualización 06-11-13. El último grupo conocido de cazadores-recolectores en Europa Central
Hasta ahora, la comunidad científica creía que las sociedades basadas en la caza y la recolección desaparecieron de Europa Central casi inmediatamente después de la entrada en escena de la agricultura alrededor del año 5000 antes de nuestra era. Sin embargo, los resultados de un nuevo estudio revelan que ese arcaico estilo de vida perduró hasta tiempos mucho más recientes, y que en consecuencia las culturas de los cazadores-recolectores coexistieron durante mucho más tiempo con las sociedades estructuradas en torno a la agricultura y la ganadería...

Nueva edición de “Viaja a la Prehistoria”

Teverga se convertirá en un auténtico poblado paleolítico en una nueva edición de “Viaja a la Prehistoria”, que se celebrará los días 12 y 13 de octubre. Más información  / Pdf

Greek police seize 7-millennia-old statuette

The looted female statuette dates from Middle
Neolithic era [Credit: Ethnos] / The Archaeology News Network
AP. Greek police say they have seized a statuette apparently made more than 7,000 years ago, and arrested two men who were allegedly trying to sell it for 3.5 million euros (US$4.7 million).

The suspected antiquities smugglers, both Greeks, were taken into custody in central Athens Tuesday, following a tip-off.

The intact female figure has its arms clasped at the chest, stands 30 centimeters (12 inches) high and is apparently made of marble.

A police statement Wednesday said a government archaeologist pronounced it a genuine work of the Middle Neolithic era — in Greece the period from 5800 to 5300 BC.

It is unclear where the statuette came from. Greece’s strict cultural heritage laws deem all antiquities found in the country to be state property. washingtonpost.com

Baker's Hole site in Swanscombe and Greenhithe put on English Heritage at risk register

A site showing evidence of early Neanderthal man is one of six in Kent put on the English Heritage At Risk list.

The register, updated today, adds Baker's Hole site in Swanscombe and Greenhithe.

It survives as two overgrown islands of unquarried land within a former chalk quarry.

The Palaeolithic site contains undisturbed evidence of early Neanderthal man who lived in Britain between 250,000 and 200,000 years ago and is at risk due to lack of management.

It has become overgrown by thick scrub, and ancient animal remains are decaying from exposure to the elements.

English Heritage and Natural England are planning a detailed survey of the site to develop a long-term management plan. kentonline.co.uk/