jueves, 23 de enero de 2014

Unusual Złockie culture burial found in Poland

Archaeologists have recently uncovered an unusual tomb belonging to the Złockie culture of the middle Neolithic era in Kleczanów, Poland. The skeleton is that of a partially disabled individual that archaeologists think may have been somone special within the group.

2/3. Bone plaques – elements of a belt, an awl and flint arrowhead. Image: M. Florek via PAP
The discovery was made accidentally during ploughing in January 2014 and archaeologists called to the scene by the farmer began a detailed investigation.

The burial consisted of a vertical shaft with a depth of more than 1.50 metres, which terminated in a chamber that was oval in plan” – explains Dr. Marek Florek the conservator on the project.

Possible ex-carnation

The flat base of the grave was lined with stone slabs and here the skeleton of the deceased, which initial examination suggests is female, was scattered across the surface. According to the archaeologists, the arrangement of skeletal remains in the grave indicates that the deceased was not buried immediately after death, but only after the decay of the soft tissues of the body, making it possible that some form of ex-carnation may have taken place. [...] pasthorizonspr.com  (B&W3)

Putting 'Adam' in his rightful place in evolutionary history

Our most common male ancestor walked the earth 209,000 years ago – earlier than scientists commonly thought - according to new research from the University of Sheffield.

The pioneering study, conducted by Dr Eran Elhaik from the University of Sheffield and Dr Dan Graur from the University of Houston, also debunked the discovery of the Y chromosome that supposedly predated humanity.

In the new research, published in the European Journal of Human Genetics, Dr Elhaik and Dr Graur used conventional biological models to date our most common male ancestor 'Adam' in his rightful place in evolutionary history. The ground breaking results showed that this is 9,000 years earlier than scientists originally believed.

Their findings put 'Adam' within the time frame of his other half 'Eve', the genetic maternal ancestor of mankind. This contradicts a recent study1 which had claimed the human Y chromosome originated in a different species through interbreeding which dates 'Adam' to be twice as old.

Debunking unscientific theories is not new to Dr Elhaik. Earlier this year he debunked Hammer's previous work on the unity of the Jewish genome and together with Dr Graur they refuted the proclamations made by the ENCODE project on junk DNA.

"We can say with some certainty that modern humans emerged in Africa a little over 200,000 years ago," said Dr Elhaik.

"It is obvious that modern humans did not interbreed with hominins living over 500,000 years ago. It is also clear that there was no single 'Adam' and 'Eve' but rather groups of 'Adams and 'Eves' living side by side and wandering together in our world."

Dr Elhaik added: "We have shown that the University of Arizona study lacks any scientific merit.

"In fact, their hypothesis creates a sort of 'space-time paradox 'whereby the most ancient individual belonging to Homo sapiens species has not yet been born. If we take the numerical results from previous studies seriously we can conclude that the past may be altered by the mother of 'Adam' deciding not to conceive him in the future, thus, bringing a retroactive end to our species.

"Think of the movie Back to the Future, when Marty was worried that his parents would not meet and as a result he wouldn't be born - it's the same idea.

"The question to what extend did our humans forbearers interbreed with their closest relatives is one of the hottest questions in anthropology that remains open." [...] eurekalert.org/


Actualización 27-01-14. “Adán” vivió hace 209 mil años
El estudio pionero fue conducido por Eran Elhaik, de la Universidad de Sheffield, y Dan Graur, de la Universidad de Houston, Texas.
En esta investigación, publicada en el European Journal of Human Genetic, Elhaik y Graur dataron nuestro más común ancestro masculino, Adán, en su correcto lugar dentro de la historia evolutiva. Los resultados mostraron que es 9 mil años anterior a lo que pensaban los científicos. Estos hallazgos ponen a Adán dentro del marco temporal de Eva, el ancestro genético materno de la humanidad. Eso contradice un estudio reciente que había sostenido que el cromosoma Y humano [el que heredamos de nuestro padre y abuelo, sin mezcla materna, todos los hombres] se originó en una especie diferente por medio de interprocreación, lo cual hace a Adán dos veces más antiguo”. Y claro, no un Homo sapiens todavía...

Curso-taller de fotografía digital aplicada a la documentación de Arte Rupestre en Yecla



El Museo Arqueológico Municipal "Cayetano de Mergelina" de Yecla (MaYe), colabora en la realización de este curso conel Centro de estudios de Prehistoria y arte rupestre de la Región de Murcia

Confirmada la asistencia de una veintena de especialistas procedentes de diversas universidades y centros de investigación del territorio nacional.

La Concejalía de Cultura, a través del Museo Arqueológico Municipal "Cayetano de Mergelina" de Yecla (MaYe), ha organizado en colaboración el Centro de Estudios de Prehistoria y Arte rupestre de la Región de Murcia: Curso-taller avanzado de fotografía digital aplicada a la documentación gráfica de Arte Rupestre, y que tendrá lugar en Yecla entre los días 24 al 26 de enero de 2014.

El curso, que está coordinado por Liborio Ruiz Molina, director del Museo Arqueológico, se impartirá en la Casa Municipal de Cultura en sesiones de mañana y tarde, realizando las prácticas el domingo día 26 de enero en Cantos de Visera (Monte Arabí).

El curso cuenta con el respaldo de la Consejería de Cultura y Turismo. Dirección General de Bienes Culturales de la Región de Murcia; Arte Rupestre del Arco Mediterráneo Patrimonio Mundial de la Humanidad. UNESCO y el Ministerio de Educación y Cultura a través de la Dirección General de Bellas Artes y Bienes Culturales y Archivos y Bibliotecas.

El profesorado que imparte el curso lo forma: [...] murcia.com

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