lunes, 17 de marzo de 2014

Identifican en Túnez el cráneo de uro más antiguo del mundo

  • Cada uno de los cuernos mide más de un metro y el animal que los portaba pesaba más de pesaba más de 1.000 kg
  • El hallazgo se presenta en la prestigiosa revista Quaternary Science Reviews
  • Se refuerza así la idea de que el origen de los toros se encuentra en África y no en Eurasia, como se suponía hasta hace poco
2/7. Gala Gómez (i), Bienvenido Martínez-Navarro-S (2-i) y otros miembros del equipo que firma el estudio. IPHES
La prestigiosa revista Quaternary Science Reviews acaba de publicar en su web el hallazgo de un cráneo de toro moderno, Bos primigenius, el famoso uro, siendo el fósil de esta especie más antiguo del mundo, con una cronología de unos 700.000 años, y que fue encontrado en 2008 en el yacimiento de Oued Sarrat, en la provincia de El Kef (Túnez). Después de un largo proceso de estudio se da cuenta de ello en un artículo cuyos autores principales son Bienvenido Martínez-Navarro, paleontólogo e investigador ICREA (Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats) en el IPHES (Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social), con sede en Tarragona, y Narjess Karoui-Yaakoub, del Departamento de Geología de la Facultad de Ciencias de Bizerte (FSB) en la Universidad de Cartago. Además, este fósil, que actualmente se encuentra expuesto en el Museo de la Oficina Nacional de Minas de Túnez, ha sido restaurado por Gala Gómez-Merino, técnica del IPHES. [...] iphesnoticias  (B&W 2)


Actualización 28-08-14: Presentación pública en Túnez del cráneo de uro más antiguo encontrado hasta la fecha y nueva campaña de excavaciones en Oued Sarrat
Recientemente se ha desarrollado en el yacimiento pleistocénico de Oued Sarrat (Túnez), de una antigüedad aproximada de 700 000 años, una nueva campaña de prospección y excavación, bajo la dirección de la professora Narjess Karoui-Yaakoub, de la Universidad de Cartago, y del profesor de investigación ICREA (Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats) adscrito al IPHES (Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social), Bienvenido Martínez-Navarro. Asimismo, coincidiendo con el fin de esta campaña se efectuó, en la Ciudad de las Ciencias de Túnez (Cité des Sciences), una presentación pública del yacimiento y del hallazgo del cráneo de uro (toro primitivo ancestro del actual) más antiguo localizado hasta la fecha, de hace unos 700.000 años, tal y como se dio a conocer hace unos meses en la revista Quaternary Science Reviews...

4/4
  

Cavemen’s rock music makes a comeback

Prehistorian Odile Romain (left) touches a prehistoric litophone, next to palaeomusicologist and lithophone specialist Erik Gonthier, last week in Paris. Picture: AFP
Thousands of years after they resonated in caves, two dozen stone chimes used by our prehistoric forefathers will make music once more in a unique series of concerts in Paris.

Known as lithophones, the instruments have been dusted off from museum storage to be played in public for the first time to give modern man an idea of his ancestral sounds.

After just three shows — two on Saturday, March 22, and a third the following Monday — the precious stones will be packed away again, forever.

"That will be their last concert together," music archaeologist Erik Gonthier of the Natural History Museum in Paris said ahead of the production. "We will never repeat it, for ethical reasons — to avoid damaging our cultural heritage. We don’t want to add to the wear of these instruments." [...] bdlive.co.za

Link 2: Musique préhistorique: concert de pierres fabriquées au néolithique


Vídeo YouTube por AFP el 15/03/14 añadido a Paleo Vídeos > Prehistoria Universal > L.R.2.6 nº 33.

On ignore comment nos ancêtres préhistoriques en jouaient mais leur son nous est parvenu intact: des milliers d'années après leur fabrication, des pierres musicales du Sahara néolithique vont de nouveau chanter en public samedi 22 mars au Muséum de Paris...


Actualización 20-03-14. Una serie única de conciertos con instrumentos musicales del Neolítico tendrá lugar en París


Actualización 03-04-14. VIDEOS. Roc and Roll préhistorique
Condamnées au silence depuis près de dix mille ans, des "pierres musicales", premiers instruments de tous les temps, ont retrouvé leurs voix pour un concert unique à Paris. L'Express était parmi les curieux et les fêlés du silex qui ont vibré au son des cavernes.



Cachés sous un grand drap, les cailloux restent de marbre. Impassibles malgré les murmures d'excitation et d'impatience qui parcourent les gradins de l'amphithéâtre du Jardin des Plantes, à Paris. Totalement indifférents aux caméras, appareils photo ou smartphones braqués sur eux par un public fébrile. Patientez, y'a rien à voir. Et encore moins à entendre...


Paléomusique - Le concert por concerts_radiofrance

+ Vidéos...

Ancestors leave their fingerprints on history of town

Prehistoric fingerprints preserved in clay are among the exhibits at the new Eastbourne Ancestors display which opened on February 1.

prehistoric fingerprints preserved in clay.
The exhibition, which is proving a real hit with visitors, highlights some fascinating stories from Eastbourne’s past – including the fingerprints, which have been studied and photographed by police Scenes of Crime Officers.

In prehistory, (taken to be prior to the Roman Invasion of 43AD) most pottery was hand made using coils or slabs of clay placed together and moulded into shape by hand.

During this process, the ancient potter quite often left fingerprints on the wet clay, both accidently and on purpose as part of a decorative scheme.

The wet clay was then fired and turned into pottery, preserving the fingerprints for, sometimes, thousands of years.

The Eastbourne Ancestors exhibition has three such pieces of pottery; two from the Bronze Age era from around 900BC and one from Neolithic times, around 5000 years ago. [...] eastbourneherald.co.uk

Georgia: What’s Worth More – Gold or Knowledge about Human Origins?


1/5. Researchers make measurements inside the Sakrisi-Kachagiani ancient gold mining site. (Photo: German Mining Museum)
A classic conflict is building in Georgia that pits matters of general interest against private gain, revolving around what many archeologists contend is the world’s oldest gold mine. Scientists and others want to preserve the area for further excavation and study. But the company that holds the mining rights to the site is more interested in seeing its investment pay off.

The nine-hectare site, called Sakdrisi-Kachagiani, lies several kilometers from Dmanisi, a tiny village in the Kvemo Kartli region about 95 kilometers southwest of Tbilisi, the Georgian capital. In 2004, archeologists from the National Museum of Georgia and the German Mining Museum unearthed caves and mining tools at Sakdrisi that are believed to date to the third millennium, BC - a find that predates Egyptian mining artifacts. More broadly, the area around Dmanisi is perhaps the most significant archeological site outside of Africa when it comes to studying early species of humans. A skull discovered at Dmanisi, for example, has prompted scientists to hypothesize that all Homo species had a single, shared lineage.

The archeological significance of Sakdrisi, however, means little to the Russian-owned mining company, RMG Gold, which holds the lease to excavate the site. For RMG, Sakdrisi’s chief value is in the estimated 20 tons of gold that lie under earth’s surface [...] eurasianet.org

Göbekli Tepe – Developing tourism & the Urfa region

Göbekli Tepe has become a major factor in the development of the Urfa region. This rising public interest is reflected in a growing stream of visitors on-site. 

Canopy planned at the main excavation area at the southern slope of the artificial mound of Göbekli Tepe
For this reason, it has become essential that a) adequate facilities are provided for the visiting public and b) sufficient measures are taken to ensure the protection and preservation of the ancient structures.

In order to fulfill these objectives, plans have been made to cover large parts of the Göbekli Tepe over the last several years with protective shelters which will also feature so-called walking floors that will provide visitors with unprecedented (contact-free) access to the archaeological site. A Visitor Centre erected by the government in Winter 2012/13 is situated at the entrance to the archaeological area. Its doors are expected to open officially in Spring 2014. The visitors’ centre includes a cafeteria, several shops and rest rooms. A shuttle service will be installed to transfer visitors from the parking areas at the visitors’ centre to the excavation area which is about 800 metres away. [...] heritagedaily.com/