sábado, 2 de agosto de 2014

Las pinturas rupestres de L’Abric de la Penya de l’Ermita del Vicari serán visitables


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 Altea ha dado el primer paso para convertir en visitables las pinturas rupestres de L’Abric de la Penya de l’Ermita del Vicari (Pdf), situadas a unos 840 metros de altitud en la crestería de la Serra de Bèrnia. La Conselleria de Cultura le ha concedido al municipio la subvención de 20.000 euros solicitada para acometer la conservación de este patrimonio cultural y natural único que tiene un nivel de protección BIC. El dinero se destinará a la primera fase de un proyecto, que pretende crear una ruta cultural y consistirá en vallar y cerrar el acceso a la zona, su acondicionamiento  y museización antes del 30 de septiembre. [...] lamarinaplaza.com


Actualización 12-12-14: Altea recupera unas pinturas rupestres postpaleolíticas en la Sierra Bernia
La limpieza del panel ha permitido descubrir nuevas figuras que se encontraban ocultas por varias capas de suciedad...

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Society bloomed with gentler personalities and more feminine faces: Technology boom 50,000 years ago correlated with less testosterone

Scientists have shown that human skulls changed in ways that indicate a lowering of testosterone levels at around the same time that culture was blossoming. Heavy brows were out, rounder heads were in. Technological innovation, making art and rapid cultural exchange probably came at the same time that we developed a more cooperative temperament by dialing back aggression with lower testosterone levels.

A composite image shows the facial differences between an ancient modern human with heavy brows and a large upper face and the more recent modern human who has rounder features and a much less prominent brow. The prominence of these features can be directly traced to the influence of the hormone testosterone. Credit: Robert Cieri, University of Utah

 Modern humans appear in the fossil record about 200,000 years ago, but it was only about 50,000 years ago that making art and advanced tools became widespread.

A new study appearing Aug. 1 in the journal Current Anthropology finds that human skulls changed in ways that indicate a lowering of testosterone levels at around the same time that culture was blossoming.

"The modern human behaviors of technological innovation, making art and rapid cultural exchange probably came at the same time that we developed a more cooperative temperament," said lead author Robert Cieri, a biology graduate student at the University of Utah who began this work as a senior at Duke University... sciencedaily.com


Actualización: Did a Drop in Testosterone Civilize Modern Humans? | Psychology Today
The species we know as “anatomically modern humans” (Homo sapiens sapiens) dates back to around 150,000-200,000 years ago. While ancient humans resemble modern humans in their gross anatomy, they did not live anything like we do now, nor even like our hunter-gatherer forebears did. From 200,000 years ago, to around 65,000 years ago, Homo sapiens was just another hominin, barely distinguishing itself from the two or three other hominin species that were living at that time (Neanderthals, Denisovans, and isolated populations of H. floreseiensis and H. erectus surviving in some Pacific islands). Tools were crude; technology was scanty; culture was just beginning.

However, in Africa, around 65,000 years ago, humans' behavior suddenly began to change toward what we call behavioral modernity. Around this time, humans began fashioning much more advanced tools, constructing more sturdy dwellings, donning elaborate clothing and jewelry, and the signs of complex culture began to emerge...