lunes, 15 de septiembre de 2014

Massive 5,000-Year-Old Stone Monument Revealed in Israel


About 8 miles (13 kilometers) northwest of the Sea of Galilee, a newly identified crescent-shaped monument was built about 5,000 years ago. Credit: Image Copyright DigitalGlobe, courtesy Google Earth

A lunar-crescent-shaped stone monument that dates back around 5,000 years has been identified in Israel.

Located about 8 miles (13 kilometers) northwest of the Sea of Galilee, the structure is massive — its volume is about 14,000 cubic meters (almost 500,000 cubic feet) and it has a length of about 150 meters (492 feet), making it longer than an American football field. Pottery excavated at the structure indicates the monument dates to between 3050 B.C. and 2650 B.C., meaning it is likely older than the pyramids of Egypt. It was also built before much of Stonehenge was constructed.

Archaeologists previously thought the structure was part of a city wall, but recent work carried out by Ido Wachtel, a doctoral student at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, indicates there is no city beside it and that the structure is a standing monument.

"The proposed interpretation for the site is that it constituted a prominent landmark in its natural landscape, serving to mark possession and to assert authority and rights over natural resources by a local rural or pastoral population," Wachtel wrote in the summary of a presentation given recently at the International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East. [...] livescience.com via archaeology.org

[See Photos of the Crescent-Shaped Monument]

Actualización 16-09-14: Descubren en Israel un monumento de piedra de hace 5.000 años

livescience.com

Rujum En Nabi Shuaayb era hasta ahora un promontorio de piedras cerca del israelí Mar de Galilea que se creía un resto perdido de una muralla centenaria. Ahora, gracias a la investigación del doctorando Ido Wachtel de la Universidad Hebrea de Jerusalén (HUJI), se ha descubierto que esta enorme estructura en forma de medialuna es en realidad un monumento en sí mismo con 5.000 años de antigüedad. Sería más longevo que el complejo megalítico de Stonehenge en el Reino Unido o las pirámides de Egipto, que datan aproximadamente del año 2.600 antes de Cristo.

Según ha expuesto el experto en el Congreso Internacional sobre Arqueología en el Antiguo Oriente Próximo de este verano y tal y como desvela ahora la revista Live Science, la estructura se encuentra a 13 kilómetros del lago Tiberíades, cerca de la frontera entre Israel y el territorio palestino de Cisjordania. Tiene 14.000 metros cúbicos de volumen, 150 metros de largo por 20 de ancho en su base y hasta siete metros de altura. “Más extenso que un campo de fútbol norteamericano”, explica la publicación. En las proximidades se han encontrado restos de cerámica elaborada entre 3050 y 2650 a. C. que han ayudado a datar el hallazgo...

The creation of the Vuoksi River preceded a significant cultural shift

After the end of the last ice age, post-glacial rebound caused the Earth’s crust in eastern Fenno-Scandinavia to tilt, increasing the amount of water and size of the body of water that would later become Lake Saimaa. Approximately 6,000 years ago, the Salpausselkä ridge could no longer hold back the waters, which burst through and penetrated the glacial till and bedrock with incredible force. This created the Vuoksi River, and resulted in an approximately four-metre decrease in the water level of Lake Saimaa, revealing thousands of square kilometres of new land in Eastern Finland.

Run by University of Helsinki biologists, scientists and archaeologists together with the National Board of Antiquities, the Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute and the University of Bristol, the multidisciplinary research project has studied the role which the creation of the Vuoksi River played in the simultaneous spread of the most significant culture in our prehistory.

“One of the basic principles of science is that the cause must come before the effect,” emphasises Docent Markku Oinonen, who is the director of the Natural Sciences Unit of the Finnish Museum of Natural History, a University of Helsinki independent institute. [...] luomus.fi/ via EurekAlert! (B&W3)

Journal Reference:
M. Oinonen, P. Pesonen, T. Alenius, V. Heyd, E. Holmqvist-Saukkonen, S. Kivimaki, T. Nygren, T. Sundell, P. Onkamo. Event reconstruction through Bayesian chronology: Massive mid-Holocene lake-burst triggered large-scale ecological and cultural change. The Holocene, 2014; DOI: 10.1177/0959683614544049