viernes, 14 de noviembre de 2014

3,500-year-old basket excavated on scottish island


2/2. The basket was uncovered by the tide in an area affected by erosion

An artefact thought to be 3,500 years old that was uncovered by the tide on a Western Isles beach has been excavated before being washed away.

The prehistoric basket was discovered in an area of shoreline where the sea has been eroding the land at Baleshare in North Uist.

Archaeologists have managed to remove the object with help from the local community.
It will be examined by AOC Archaeology Group.

The basket appears to contain animal bones covered in a layer of quartz pebbles.

Deborah Anderson, regional archaeologist with Comhairle nan Eilean Siar, said it could prove to be a historically valuable find.

She said: "I'm delighted the rescue was successful.

"The archaeologists were brilliant and the local community were so helpful, we couldn't have done it without them."

Many well preserved ancient artefacts have been discovered at other sites on North Uist in the past.

From the Bronze Age, finds have included a skeleton and from the Iron Age evidence of metal work.

Also, from the Iron Age are the remains of homes dubbed Jelly Baby houses because the shape of them looked like the sweets. bbc.com/

Stonehenge experiment to be repeated with 'lost' stones


n the original documentary a team of volunteers successfully moved a huge stone

Another attempt is to be made to solve the mystery of how the largest stones used to build Stonehenge were moved.

In 1996, a BBC TV programme aimed to find out how the stones for the largest trilithon were put into place, and how the lintel was placed on top.

Since then the concrete replicas have remained untouched and forgotten about at an army base on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire.

They have now been rediscovered and the experiment will be repeated.

Archaeologist Julian Richards is teaming up with farmer Tim Daw see if modern techniques are any more efficient... (Video) bbc.com/

Is this what Siberian men used to shave in 2,000BC?

Archaeologists intrigued by discovery of Bronze Age razor blade in Novosibirsk region.

 Picture: Vyacheslav Molodin

A rudimentary razor blade used by fashion-conscious men 4,000 years ago has been unearthed on the site of an ancient settlement in Siberia. Archaeologists found the Bronze Age bathroom accessory during an expedition to the Vengerovo region of Novosibirsk.

The thin bronze plate had been sharpened on both sides and experts believe it was used to trim beards and cut hair, and may have doubled up as a knife.

What is particularly interesting about the find is that razors were only starting to become popular in the Bronze Age as males put a stamp on their individual identities.

Vyacheslav Molodin, the deputy head of the Siberian Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, said experts were excited by the find in the Vengerovo region, the first such discovery here. [...] siberiantimes.com Via archaeology.org

Acto de homenaje al Dr. Manuel R. González Morales

27 de noviembre de 2014
Santander


... Sociedad Prehistórica de Cantabria

Los primates usan herramientas por oportunidad ecológica, no por necesidad

La oportunidad ecológica y no la necesidad es el detonante principal para que los primates no humanos, como los chimpancés, usen herrramientas, como una piedra para abrir nueces.

Credit: Kathelijine Kroops

12/11/14. Un artículo de Kathelijne Koops, de la Universidad de Cambridge, en Reino Unido, y otros expertos, publicado en 'Biology Letters', desafía la suposición de que la necesidad es la madre de la invención. Esta experta y sus colegas argumentan que la investigación sobre el uso de herramientas por los primates debería tener en cuenta las oportunidades del uso de herramientas proporcionadas por el medio ambiente local.

   Koops y sus colegas revisaron estudios sobre el uso de herramientas entre los tres primates que emplean habituales utensilios [...] europapress.es

Link 2: Tools and primates: Opportunity, not necessity, is the mother of invention -- ScienceDaily
When food is scarce, tool use among non-human primates does not increase. This counterintuitive finding leads researchers to suggest that the driving force behind tool use is ecological opportunity -- and that the environment shapes the development of culture... 

Descubren nuevas pinturas rupestres en un abrigo de Tarifa


2/2. Detalles de algunas de las figuras localizadas.

El algecireño Simón Blanco halla estos vestigios que abarcan varios estadios de la prehistoria Alerta de la desprotección del arte sureño

Un nuevo descubrimiento suma Simón Blanco a su cuenta particular en sus expediciones constantes por las sierras de la provincia para localizar y salvaguardar el arte sureño, con la ayuda de Francisco Díaz. Los últimos vestigios de pinturas en un abrigo rupestre se sitúan en Tarifa, localizado en este mismo mes. Explica el algecireño que, según los análisis de expertos consultados, apunta a varias épocas abarcando según las formas varios estadios de la prehistoria desde el Paleolítico por las líneas con pincel; al Neolítico por las figuras seminaturalistas como el ciervo tipo levantino; y Calcolítica con los cruciformes.

Blanco resalta que es uno de los abrigos esquemáticos mejor conservados y más interesantes que se conocen en el arte peninsular y es un perfecto ejemplo de lo que es el arte sureño. Apunta para clasificarlo a la armonía de proporciones, dotándolas de una expresividad y un dinamismo del que adolece el arte esquemático a medida que penetra hacia el interior y también por la gran amalgama de estilos que se repite tantas veces en los abrigos sureños. [...] europasur.es

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