martes, 9 de diciembre de 2014

Las pinturas rupestres de Altamira son una referencia a la fecundidad


Foto: elpaisdealtamira.es

Los bisontes, caballos y toros plasmados en las pinturas rupestres de la cueva de Altamira, España, refieren al festejo de la fecundidad. Esa es la primera interpretación que José Antonio Lasheras Corruchaga, director de la Cueva y Museo de Altamira, propuso durante su visita a México con motivo del Congreso Internacional de Pintura Rupestre 2014.

“Creo que una idea que subyace en el techo de Altamira es la fecundidad. Los ritos más importantes son los de tránsito y los que nos hacen pasar de un estado de carencia a uno de plenitud, y ese rito que siempre hemos celebrado y seguimos celebrando es el de pasar de la adolescencia a la madurez, es decir, el de la fertilidad”, precisó el especialista.

Esta hipótesis la plantea debido a la presencia de una cierva con el vientre abultado, bisontes con bultos en el pecho y caballos que levantan sus patas. “Cuando los caballos están cabreados levantan las patas, todos los ciervos en la cueva están con la cabeza levantada y con el ojo marcado, es decir, están en celo y berreando”, indicó. [...] cronica.com.mx/

Fossil hunters find skeleton of 40,000-year-old woolly mammoth in North Sea

The bones were found at a depth of 100 feet off the east coast of England, which 40,000 years ago was land inhabited by mammoths

The skull of an adult male mammoth being fished up on the North Sea just off the coast of Rotterdam by Dutch fishermen Photo: MERCURY PRESS & MEDIA LIMITED

Fossil hunters searching for ancient relics have found the skeleton of a 40,000-year-old woolly mammoth in North Sea.

The team of archaeologists, salvagers and palaeontologists trawled the waters off the east coast of Britain at a depth of 100 feet.

North Sea Fossils, who are based in Urk, Netherlands, include an expert they call "Mr Mammoth" and are in search of the remains of extinct animals in the dark depths.

Bones of animals including woolly rhinos, Irish elks and parts of the male skeleton of an 11-foot tall woolly mammoth, including its skull and tusks, have all been brought up and collected.

A prehistoric skull of a European bison, also known as a Wisent, was also discovered lying on the North Sea bed. [...] telegraph.co.uk / Link 2

Found! Dutch fossil hunters have pulled 40,000-year-old bones (pictured) from the depths of the North Sea to create a complete skeleton

Actualización: Vídeo. Des fossiles sous la mer du nord
Ver en PaleoVídeos > L.R.2.10 nº 5.

Gift List Circa 50,000 B.C.: Photos

Ancient artifacts suggest that early humans coveted some items not always directly linked to personal survival.

Like people today, our ancestors may have just enjoyed objects that were beautiful, eye-catching, status-lifting, fun or all of the above.

The geode, described in the latest issue of Comptes Rendus Palevol, was found in the Cioarei-Boroşteni Cave, Romania. A Neanderthal had painted it with ochre.

"The Neanderthal man must have certainly attached an aesthetic importance to it, while its having been painted with ochre was an addition meant to confer symbolic value," said Marin Cârciumaru of Valahia University and colleagues.

The researchers also noted that "the geode was undoubtedly introduced into the cave by the Neanderthal," since they ruled out that it could have originated in the cave itself.

Was the geode used in rituals, or was it just a treasured object of beauty? Its precise meaning to the Neanderthal remains a mystery for now. [...] news.discovery.com


Actualización 10-12-14: Neandertales de Cioarei-Boroşteni: nueva evidencia del uso simbólico del ocre y del reconocimiento estético (B&W2)

Figura 1: Dos de los ocho contenedores de ocre hallados en la cueva de Cioarei-Borasteni.


Actualización 11-12-14: Hallan contenedores de ocre y una inusual geoda esférica pintada en Rumanía con 50.000 años de antigüedad  (B&W1)

Detalle de la Figura 4: Geoda esférica hallada entre herramientas musterienses.