martes, 13 de enero de 2015

7,000-year-old human skeleton recovered in south Tehran

File photo shows a human skeleton unearthed in archaeological excavations.

A human skeleton has been found in Tehran suggesting that life in the city dates back to more than 5,000 years Before Christ.

Archaeologists found the 7,000-year-old skeleton in their excavations in Molavi Street in the south of Tehran. According to the initial estimates, the human bones belong to 5,000 year B.C., IRIB News reported.

Previously, the oldest archaeological findings ever retrieved in Tehran belonged to city’s Qeytarieh hills, which dated back to the first millennium B.C.

Many other historic items, most of them belonging to the previous centuries, have also been excavated in the site, which is located around Tehran’s Grand Bazaar.

According to the reports, the new skeleton is expected to be put on display in Iran’s national museum after the forensic tests are completed.

Actualización 14-01-15: Residence in Tehran dates back to 7,000 years ago

Credit: Iran FrontPage

Actualización: Vídeo. 7,000-year-old human skeleton recovered in south Tehran
Ver en PaleoVídeos > L.R.2.8 nº 25.

Actualización 22-06-15: Face of Tehran’s 7 millennia old woman reconstructed - Mehr News Agency

TEHRAN, Jun. 16 (MNA) – The reconstruction of the face of Tehran’s discovered 7-millennia-old woman had been carried out as part of the anthropological features and documentation.
In November 2014, Mahsa Vahabi, an Archeology student serendipitously discovered in the dug soil in Mowlavi St., of Tehran Water and Wastewater Company some pottery.

Her discovery of simple earthen material drew attentions from her fellow archeologist and a study team addressed the place on Mowlavi St. Further excavations uncovered from under the soil bones and skeleton, reportedly and supposedly belonging to a women from 7,000 years ago.

Soon archeology researchers carried out research to find out more about its characteristics. A 3D documentation method was carried out on the skeleton by Mohammad Reza Rokni, an expert in Archeology Research Center.

He told Mehr News that to develop a 3D documentation, “we used whole parts of the skeleton and the principle of symmetry of human skeleton to reconstruct the missing parts or parts which are unfit for the reconstruction.”

“The model was developed drawing upon the supine position of the skeleton to represent its true position when interred; to reconstruct the face we added a digital version of missing parts mounted on the 3D model; the prepared model was pinpointed in 11 points in face on eyes, nose, ears, chicks, lips, and chin, and then the digital texturing filled these pinpoints to give us a clear image of the face,” he detailed.

Rokni also commented on the way the hairs of the woman was reconstructed; “since we had no trace of the hairs, choosing a color for hair was a matter of taste; in doing so, we drew upon the signs in pottery found in Cheshmeh Ali; five strong and standard modeling software versions helped us synchronize and corrected,” he told Mehr News.

He claimed that the finished reconstructed face would be 95 per cent accurate compared with the original face of woman last seen 7,000 years ago. “This is a common practice to reconstruct the face of skulls; however, the public would be abandoned uninformed about the practice; to make the reconstructed face more true to natural state, we fed some people’s faces to the machine to use the details to give a better and improved finished face,” he added.

Hamideh Choubak, head of the Archeology Research Center believes it is very interesting for the public to know what the face of ancient past people looked like; she said that the estimations made would not show the level of similarity to the original face.

Actualización: 7,000-year-old woman on display at Tehran museum
The remains of a 7-millennia-old woman is still on display at the National Museum of Iran in Tehran, although the museum has limited the visiting hours from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. The museum is currently hosting "Molavi St. Discoveries and Tehran 7,000-Year-Old Woman" exhibition, which runs until February 11...

ActualizaciónTehran’s 7,000-year-old woman had infection - Mehr News Agency
Tehran’s 7 millennia woman discovered in Nov. 2014 has shown signs of pinworm infection, Department of Parasitology and Mycology at Tehran Uni. of Medical Sciences announced on Tuesday.

The Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, has conducted a series of paleoparasitological examinations on the biological remains of the 7,000 year old woman which had been discovered in November 2014 at the bottom of a construction site for Tehran’s Water and Wastewater Company.

Gholamreza Molavai, the head of the research team, said after a whole year conducting parasitological studies on the middle-aged woman from the fifth millennium BC, it was discovered that she had been infected with enterobiasis vermicularis, also known as pinworm infection, the most common type of intestinal worm infection around the world; “this parasitic infection suggests communal living indoors and it can be easily and directly transmitted among family members,” he added.

Molavai maintained that unique and remarkable results in paleoparasitology have been achieved through the collective efforts by Research Institute of Cultural Heritage and Tourism, Iran’s Institute of Archaeology, Faculty of Literature and Humanities of University of Tehran as well as School of Public Health at Tehran University of Medical Sciences.

“The results of the research has been published in Parasite & Vector and is available online for interested people” he said.

Last November, archeology student Mahsa Vahabi accidentally stumbled upon some pottery and a pile of bones at the bottom of a construction site for Tehran’s Water and Wastewater Company. The following urgent archaeological excavation led to the discovery of a skeleton belonging to a woman who lived 7000 years ago.

The remains of the second human skeleton was also unearthed, which is believed to belong to the same time period.

A few months after the discovery, a team led by Mohammadreza Rokni of the Archaeology Research Center reconstructed the skeleton's facial features using "whole parts of the skeleton and the principle of symmetry of human skeleton to reconstruct the missing parts or parts which are unfit for the reconstruction."...

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The artificial phallus -- the dildo -- is very far from a new invention.  In fact, the oldest known example dates about 30,000 years ago.  Archaeologists gave it, and its kind, the euphemistic name of "ice-age batons." [...]

World’s oldest butchery tools gave evolutionary edge to human communication

Two and a half million years ago, our hominin ancestors in the African savanna crafted rocks into shards that could slice apart a dead gazelle, zebra or other game animal. Over the next 700,000 years, this butchering technology spread throughout the continent and, it turns out, came to be a major evolutionary force, according to new research from UC Berkeley, the University of Liverpool and the University of St. Andrews, both in the UK.

Combining the tools of psychology, evolutionary biology and archaeology, scientists have found compelling evidence for the co-evolution of early Stone Age slaughtering tools and our ability to communicate and teach, shedding new light on the power of human culture to shape evolution.

Reported today (Jan.13) in the journal Nature Communications, the study is the largest to date to look at gene-culture co-evolution in the context of prehistoric Oldowan tools, the oldest-known cutting devices. [...]

Actualización 14-01-15: Aprendimos a hablar a golpes de piedra - / Link 2 (EUROPA PRESS)
El uso de primitivas herramientas para despiezar carne empujó el desarrollo del lenguaje humano hace 1,8 millones de años...

Las excavaciones arqueológicas de Cova Eirós se quedan sin presupuesto para este año

La USC negocia a fin de conseguir más fondos para seguir estudiando el yacimiento paleolítico

El próximo abril se cumplirán nueve años desde el inicio del proyecto de investigación de los yacimientos paleolíticos del sur lucense que coordina la Universidade de Santiago. Por primera vez desde entonces, el plan no tiene previsto este año ningún presupuesto para continuar los trabajos de campo, que en las últimas campañas se han reducido a las excavaciones del yacimiento de Cova Eirós, en Triacastela. En los próximos meses, los responsables del proyecto tratarán de conseguir nuevas ayudas para reanudar estos trabajos en verano, de forma que la investigación no se interrumpa. [...]

La Universidad de Tübingen premia una tesis de la UAH sobre paleontología


EFE. La Universidad de Tübingen, de Alemania, ha fallado su premio anual de investigación de Prehistoria temprana y Ecología del Cuaternario en favor del paleontólogo español Adrián Pablos.

En concreto, la institución premia el trabajo desarrollado por Pablos, doctor en Paleontología por Universidad de Alcalá de Henares (UAH), en su tesis publicada en 2013.

Miembro del Equipo de Investigación de Atapuerca desde 2005, Pablos es especialista en el estudio de los huesos del pie en la evolución del género 'homo', ha informado la UAH en un comunicado.

Varias revistas internacionales como 'Science' o 'Forencsic Science International' han publicado hasta la fecha algunos de los artículos del paleontólogo español, que viajará a Tübingen a recoger el galardón el próximo 5 de febrero.

Durante el acto de entrega del galardón, que cumple su decimoséptima edición, Pablos tiene previsto impartir una conferencia en la que expondrá algunas de las conclusiones extraídas sobre los restos encontrados en el yacimiento de la Sierra de Atapuerca, declarado Patrimonio de la Humanidad por la Unesco.

El título de la conferencia, que el investigador pronunciará en inglés, es 'Runners or walkers: the feet of the Early and Middle Pleistocene hominis from Atapuerca, Spain'.

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Ayer nos dejó Lydia Zapata, compañera arqueóloga y socia de Aranzadi. Lydia era profesora titular de Prehistoria del Departamento de Geografía, Prehistoria y Arqueología de la UPV/EHU, y colaboraba con nosotros en diversas campañas. Lydia también era miembro del comité de redacción de la revista Munibe...

Entrada relacionada

IX Cita con la Arqueología en Málaga

13 de enero - 12 de marzo de 2015

Actualización5º Conferencia del Ciclo IX Cita con la Arqueología
DÍA 3 (martes): LA EXCAVACIÓN DE ARROYO SALADILLO, EL NEOLÍTICO RECIENTE (IV MILENIO ANE), EN LA VEGA DE ANTEQUERA por LUIS EFRÉN FERNÁNDEZ RODRÍGUEZ (Arqueólogo. Taller de Investigaciones Arqueológicas, S.L). Hora: 19,30. Reciente se ha descubierto y excavado una parte del asentamiento de Arroyo Saladillo, documentado como consecuencia de la construcción de la línea AVE, ubicado en el término de Antequera.

El establecimiento cuenta con una superficie que se aproxima a las 124 hectáreas. Se trata de un amplio recinto defendido en su lado este por un foso excavado en las margas del subsuelo que muestra sección en “V”.

El yacimiento aporta las evidencias propias de este tipo de asentamientos: amplia superficie, estructuras domésticas de forma dominante, excavadas en el subsuelo, con plantas ovales o circulares y secciones troncocónicas, junto con casos en que son reutilizadas en el interior del poblado con fines funerarios o simbólicos (inhumación de perros), incluso se observó una banda funeraria perimetral con inhumaciones individuales. Ofrece ejemplos de todas las tipologías posibles que se observan en los grandes asentamientos que se habitan durante el IV milenio ANE.

El acto será presentado por Carmen Íñiguez Sánchez, coordinadora del ciclo.