viernes, 8 de mayo de 2015

Les génies de la grotte Chauvet - Documentaire 2015


Les peintures et dessins de la Grotte Chauvet sont à ce jour les plus anciens témoignages d’expression artistique de l’humanité. Leur force et leur modernité bouleversent toutes les idées reçues sur l’art de la préhistoire.

La création d’un grand musée consacré à la reproduction des œuvres nous donne l’occasion d’aller voir de très près les peintures, les dessins et les gravures, d’en comprendre toutes les finesses techniques et de retrouver leur immense pouvoir d’émotion.
Diffusion sur ARTE le dimanche 3 mai 2015.


Réalisation Christian Tran
Montage Ronan Sinquin
Durée 52'Format 16/9 - HD
Avec la participation du CNCAvec le soutien de la PROCIREP & de l'ANGOA
Avec le soutien de la Région Rhône-Alpes
Avec la participation du Conseil général de l'Ardèche
© Quark / ARTE France - 2015

Extracto en Vimeo

Bulgarian Archaeologists Stumble Upon ‘Oldest Children’s Toy in Europe’: Late Bronze Age Thracian Toy Stork

1/5. “The oldest children’s toy in Europe”. Photo: TV grab from BNT

An Ancient Thracian bronze artifact in the shape of a stork’s head described as “the oldest children’s toy in Europe” has been identified by Bulgarian archaeologists among archaeological items found by local residents in the area of the southern town of Zlatograd in the Rhodope Mountains.

The Thracian toy is made of bronze mixed with some silver, and is dated to the Late Bronze age, about 1500-1200 BC, the period of Ancient Troy and the Civilization of Mycenae.

It consists of a tripod holding what appears to be a stork’s head which can move and “drink water”; it weighs 30 grams. The stork’s eyes are made of carnelian – a semi-precious gemstone found in the Rhodope Mountains in Southern Bulgaria, reports the Bulgarian National Television. [...]

Actualización: Cigüeña Tracia de la Edad del Bronce podría ser el Juguete para niños más antiguo de Europa | Ancient Origins
Residentes locales de la zona de Zlatograd, Bulgaria, han descubierto un artefacto de bronce antiguo que los arqueólogos han descrito como “el juguete para niños más viejo de Europa”. El supuesto juguete consiste de una cigüeña de cabeza móvil, con los ojos decorados con incrustaciones de piedras preciosas, y situada sobre un trípode.

De acuerdo con la página web “Arqueología en Bulgaria”, el supuesto juguete se remonta al 1500-1200 a.C, tiempos en que los Tracios, una civilización formada por tribus Indo-Europeas, habitaban la zona de la península de los Balcanes.

Fue hallado junto con otros artefactos arqueológicos por lugareños cerca de la ciudad de Yagnevo, Zlatograd, en las montañas Ródope, un área donde un número de santuarios Tracios y tumbas de piedra han sido hallados...

Chile's quest to save melting mummies

The Chinchorro mummies at the University of Tarapaca's museum in Arica, Chile. (Chris Kraul / For The Times)
For thousands of years, the mummies lay buried beneath the sands of the Atacama Desert, a volcanically active region along the northern Chilean coast with virtually no rainfall.

When the first ones were discovered 100 years ago, archaeologists marveled at the ancient relics, some of them fetuses, their little bodies amazingly intact.

But now the mummies, which are believed to be the oldest on Earth, are melting.

Mariela Santos, curator at the University of Tarapaca museum here, noticed a few years ago that the desiccated skins of a dozen of the mummies were decomposing and turning into a mysterious black ooze.

"I knew the situation was critical and that we'd have to ask specialists for help," said Santos, whose museum stores and displays the so-called Chinchorro mummies, which date back as far as 5000 BC and are among archaeology's most enigmatic objects. [...]

Neanderthals changed hunting strategy with climate change

Researchers report paleoenvironmental influence on Neanderthal hunting from Amud Cave, Israel 

A view of Amud Cave from below. Wikimedia Commons

Neanderthals occupying the Amud Cave in what is today northern Israel showed exploitation of different hunting territories depending upon the climate in which they lived, suggests researchers in a recent study.

Gideon Hartman of the University of Connecticut and colleagues from an international group of universities and research institutions came to this conclusion by reconstructing the hunting ranges of Neanderthals who occupied the cave at two distinct Ice Age occupational phases separated by about 10,000 years. The first phase occurred during Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 4 (71,000 – 129,000 years ago), and the second occurred during Marine Isotope Stage 3 (57,000 – 70,000 years ago). They analyzed the comparison of oxygen, carbon, and strontium isotope samples from the tooth enamel of excavated gazelle remains with modern isotope data from the Amud Cave region. [...]

Reference: Gideon Hartman, et al., Isotopic evidence for Last Glacial climatic impacts on Neanderthal gazelle hunting territories at Amud Cave, Israel, Journal of Human Evolution, 7 May 2015 doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2015.03.008