martes, 1 de marzo de 2016

Newcastle's Great North Museum welcomes Neanderthal woman in new exhibition


The Swanscombe skull, some of the oldest human remains ever found in Britain. © The Trustees of the Natural History Museum, London [year of publication]. All Rights Reserved.

Newcastle museum puts 400,000-year-old skull on display in an exhibition on a million years of human history

The Neanderthals have arrived in Newcastle – or at least one of them has - and she’s a woman.

The 400,000-year-old Neanderthal skull, found in Kent in the 1930s, is part of a collection of some of the oldest human items found in Britain which are now on display at the Great North Museum: Hancock on loan from the Natural History Museum in London until April 17.

The skull has come to Newcastle partly because it was Sunderland-born William King, who in 1863 at the British Association for the Advancement of Science event in Newcastle, first used the term Neanderthal to describe a separate species from modern humans.

William King served as curator of the Natural History Society’s museum in Newcastle, whose collections are now part of the Great North Museum, but his tenure was surrounding by controversy and wrangling which saw him leave his post.

The skull is part of the Humans in Ancient Britain display which includes a 60,000-year old hand axe, a 14,000-year-old harpoon point, and a pendant made from a badger’s tooth, all found in a cave in Dorset. [...] Chronicle Live

How our ancestors drilled rotten teeth


Early dentistry with these tools would have been painful (Credit: M Romandini).

Long before humans invented writing, the wheel and civilisation, they learned how to drill rotten teeth to relieve the pain of tooth decay

By Colin Barras. Imagine a world without toothbrushes, mouthwash and dental floss. That’s an easy one, right? There would be rotten teeth in every mouth, and rich dentists in every town.

The earliest prehistoric human ever found in Africa seemed to confirm as much. In 1921, miners working at Kabwe, or Broken Hill, in what is now Zambia, came across a primitive looking skull

It had a sloping forehead, giant brow ridges and cavities in 10 of its teeth. The Broken Hill skull’s original owner, an adult male who belonged to our ancestor species Homo heidelbergensis, may even have died as a consequence of his poor oral health.

But here’s the surprise: the Broken Hill skull is a strange (and still largely unexplained) anomaly. Look into the mouths of most other early human fossils and you’ll rarely find a dental cavity. Strangely, for millions of years of human prehistory our ancestors were blessed with generally good oral health - even though their dental healthcare consisted of little more than the use of simple toothpicks.. [...] BBC


Link 2: Así eran los dentistas de hace 14.000 años
Hace milenios ya existían los dentistas prehistóricos, tal y como muestran los últimos restos encontrados: herramientas de piedra de todo tipo y mandíbulas taladradas, operadas y, sí, arregladas... 

Buenaventura Aparicio presenta "A pedra do cervo" en Pontevedra



El investigador Buenaventura Aparicio presenta su libro A pedra do cervo una invitación a conocer los petroglifos con un cuento fantástico pero con rigor histórico y que está dirigido a un público infantil aunque también para todas las edades. Será esta tarde a las 19.30 horas en el Casal de Ferreirós. El encuentra se iniciará con una visita guiada al Centro de Interpretación dos Petroglifos da Caeira, anexa al histórico edificio.

En el acto intervendrán la concelleira de cultura Silvia Díaz, Cándido Meixide (Editorial do Cumio) y el propio autor del escrito, doctor en historia y experto en arqueología y antropología. Además fue presidente del grupo arqueológico "Alfredo García Alén", equipo técnico dedicado a la investigación arqueológica dentro del Servicio de Arqueología del Museo Provincial de Pontevedra desde el año 1981.

En el Concello de Poio destacan esta publicación por su valor para la comunidad educativa. El autor comparte dosis de ternura, humor y fantasía para exaltar los tesoros en forma de megalitos, insculturas y castros. Faro de Vigo

Neandertals may have used chemistry to start fires

Des morceaux de dioxyde de manganèse trouvés à Pech-de-l'Azé, dont certains comportent des marques indiquant leur "grattage" pour en faire de la poudre (photo Peter Heyes)