lunes, 16 de mayo de 2016

Jornadas de discusión y análisis sobre Cazadores Recolectores. México

A 20 años del fallecimiento de José Luis Lorenzo Bautista (1921-1996), uno de los impulsores del estudio de los primeros grupos humanos que existieron en México, el Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH) organizó las “Jornadas de Análisis y Discusión sobre Cazadores-Recolectores”, dedicadas al sobresaliente prehistoriador que llegó al país en 1939, a los 18 años de edad, exiliado durante la Guerra Civil Española.

Además de honrar la memoria del profesor Lorenzo, el encuentro académico realizado en la Escuela Nacional de Antropología e Historia (ENAH) hace unos días, acercó a discípulos y jóvenes investigadores dedicados al tema. [...]

Rare 5,000-year-old kurgan-type tumulus from the Bronze Age unearthed in Istanbul

The Istanbul Archeology Museum announced on Monday that they have made the largest archeological discovery of the year by unearthing "A 5,000-year-old tumulus, the oldest ever found in the country" in the Istanbul district of Silivri. The discovery is expected to shed greater light on the history of Istanbul and the wider Thracian region.

According to reports, archeologists have found the 5,000-year-old kurgan-type tumulus, considered the first completely intact tumulus of its kind to be excavated, during a rescue dig which started in December 2015 at a summer residence complex in the Çanta region of Silivri.

A report submitted in April by the First Istanbul Board for the Protection of Cultural Artifacts stated that the tumulus likely belongs to a prominent Bronze Age soldier or warrior who came from the north, as he was buried with a spearhead.

Moreover, it was stated that treasure hunters had previously attempted to dig up the tumulus several times, but were unable to reach the main burial chamber.

Professor Mehmet Özdoğan from the Istanbul University Department of Archeology said that he has previously studied kurgan-type graves in the past, and such graves had been destroyed. However, he noted that this discovery is a prominent one, as it is the oldest of its kind found in Thrace and will shed light on a number of historical questions. [...] Daily Sabah

Actualización: Excavado túmulo kurgan en Turquía | Arqueología Paleorama en Red
Por primera vez en este país, se excava un túmulo de esta civilización de hace 5.000 años 

Los kurgan o kurganes, una civilización de las estepas rusas, se extendieron hacia el tercer milenio a.C. hacia Europa oriental y central. Aunque se conocían hallazgos de tumbas kurgan en Tracia, por primera vez se ha podido excavar un túmulo kurgan intacto en Turquía, en un distrito próximo a la ciudad de Estambul. Este túmulo data de la Edad del Bronce, y su cámara funeraria se ha localizado intacta. Se trata de una oportunidad única para estudiar este tipo de poblaciones en esta zona, fuera de su ambiente original...

How and where the bodies were buried: an ancient UAE mystery revealed

3/4. Four bodies were found neatly arranged side by side, along with an individual burial discovered at the inland Umm Al Quwain 2 site south-west of Jazirat Al Hamra. Photo F. Borgi

The bodies in the grave unearthed by Sophie Mery’s archaeological team in Umm Al Quwain may be the product of extreme violence, but thanks to the grave’s age and the way that its contents were ritualised, that burial place of four men has become an object of rare beauty and enlightenment.

The grave was discovered in 2013 at an existing archaeological site called Umm Al Quwain 2 (UAQ2), which sits on the edge of a lagoon close to the busy E11 road that now links Dubai with the northern emirates.

The earliest finds uncovered at UAQ2 date to the 6th millennium BC, which make the site the oldest Neolithic coastal settlement to have been discovered on the southern shores of the Arabian Gulf. It was among the oldest layers that Ms Mery’s team made their remarkable discovery.

In a pose reminiscent of an Eadweard Muybridge’s photographic motion study, the bodies in the grave lie united in a chain of death.

Four of the bodies lie carefully arranged on their sides, tucked together as if in sleep, with the right arm of each resting on the body in front of it. A fifth body also lies in the pit, nearby but apart from the others, resting a more foetal position.

Ms Mery believes the young men, who are believed to have been in their early 20s, died as a result of conflict and were buried together in what must have been a purpose-built pit tomb.

"It’s what we call a multiple grave. From the time of the death and interment of the first and fourth persons in the tomb, there was no more than a week," explains Ms Mery, an archaeologist who is also the director of the French archaeological mission to the UAE. [...] The National

Finds in Bronze Age city in Cyprus confirm long-distance trade

Excavation of a well in Hala Sultan Tekke. Photo: Peter Fischer.

May 12, 2016. The Bronze Age city Hala Sultan Tekke (about 1600−1100 BC) in Cyprus is much larger than previously thought, and new finds suggest that its inhabitants were involved in trade reaching far beyond its immediate neighbours. Last summer, a Swedish archaeological expedition from the University of Gothenburg continued its excavations, and Cypriot authorities recently presented some interesting findings.

‘The city may have been up to 50 hectares in size, which would make it one of the largest Bronze Age cities, maybe even the largest, in the eastern Mediterranean region,’ says Peter Fischer, professor of Cypriote archaeology at the University of Gothenburg who since 2010 has been in charge of the excavations.

Hala Sultan Tekke is located near the airport in Larnaca. The city bloomed during the period 1300−1150 BC and was subsequently destroyed and abandoned for unknown reasons. The so-called Sea Peoples may have invaded the island and contributed to its demise. [...] University of Gothenburg / Link 2 

Actualización: Swedes uncover rich Cypriot graves | ScienceNordic
Here are gold necklaces, pearls and earrings as well as several hundred handsome ceramic vessels from the Bronze Age. The discovery testifies to a city which traded with much of its contemporary world... 

Ancient bone to shed light on Anatolian history

May/11/2016. Researchers at Boston University have detected DNA samples in a 5,000-year-old temporal bone discovered during excavations at İzmir’s Yeşilova mound, one of the oldest excavation areas in the history of Anatolia.

The DNA sample is expected to provide important clues related to Anatolian history.

Excavations head Professor Zafer Derin said the Yeşilova mound excavations, which are backed by the Culture and Tourism Ministry, Ege University, the İzmir Metropolitan Municipality and Bornova Municipality, provided new information to the fields of archaeology, science and education.

Derin said the excavations first revealed that the history of İzmir dated back to 8,500 years ago, allowing researchers to access important data on the life of the early inhabitants around İzmir and the Aegean by examining their tools.

Last year the team found a temporal bone piece from a 5,000 year-old skeleton in the region, which they sent to Boston University in the U.S., where examinations have been carried out on the bone’s DNA sample.

“DNA analysis was made on this 5,000-year-old temporal bone that we found last year. They used a method that is used only in four places in the world. The basic goal was to detect the DNA, which they managed to do. This will help us find things like the eye color, height, disease and hair color of a human who lived 5,000 years ago. We will learn if this human was European or Anatolian,” Derin stated. [...] / Link 2