domingo, 18 de septiembre de 2016

Se investigará misterioso círculo oculto de un legendario conjunto megalítico del sur de Inglaterra


The Hurlers at Minions on Bodmin Moor

Un equipo de arqueólogos está decidido a iniciar la investigación de un cuarto círculo oculto identificado por geofísicos en un antiguo monumento megalítico de Cornualles (Inglaterra) conocido como The Hurlers .

El Plymouth Herald informa de que este misterioso círculo fue identificado por primera vez a principios de la década de 1990, aunque solo recientemente se han conseguido los fondos necesarios para iniciar las investigaciones de un proyecto conocido como Reading the Hurlers (‘Interpretando The Hurlers’) . Arqueólogos de la Unidad Arqueológica de Cornualles, geólogos y voluntarios trabajarán conjuntamente para desvelar los secretos de este círculo oculto.

The Hurlers’ es uno de los monumentos prehistóricos más famosos de Cornualles, y consta de tres círculos megalíticos y un par de menhires conocido como The Pipers (‘Los gaiteros’). El nombre de ‘The Hurlers’ proviene de la leyenda que cuenta cómo un grupo de hombres fue convertido en piedra por jugar al hurling (deporte típico de Cornualles) un domingo en lugar de ir a la iglesia. Los dos “gaiteros” serían las figuras petrificadas de los dos músicos que tocaban la gaita durante el partido de hurling y sufrieron el mismo destino. [...] Ancient Origins


Mystery of 4,000-year-old standing stones investigated | Plymouth Herald
A hidden fourth circle at a mysterious set of 4,000-year-old standing stones in Cornwall is being excavated by archaeologists.

The Hurlers are a Bronze Age, triple stone circle complex, near the village of Minions on Bodmin Moor. The name comes from the legend that tells of local people being turned to stone for playing hurlers on the Sabbath.

The current excavation, part of the Heritage Lottery Funded Reading the Hurlers project, aims to uncover a site that was identified by geophysics in the early 1990s.

Experts from Cornwall Archaeological Unit will be working alongside geologists and volunteers to shed light on the potential for a "fourth" circle at The Hurlers...


Actualización: Secrets of ancient circle on moorland revealed | Plymouth Herald


Archaeologists have been excavating a new site close to The Hurlers stone circles on Bodmin Moor over the last week. The excavation, which took place last week, was part of the Reading the Hurlers project largely funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund with support from the Cornwall Heritage Trust.

Around fifty volunteers from Cornwall Archaeological Society, the local community, Truro College and universities were involved in the dig, as well as members of Caradon Amateur Geology Group and Saltash U3A group.

he aim of the excavation was to identify whether a group of stones in a circular formation formed part of a fourth stone circle, close to The Hurlers...

Portugal: Escavações arqueológicas na Orca de Travanca dão a conhecer milhares de anos de história



Os trabalhos que estão a decorrer na Orca de Travanca, em Carregal do Sal, constituem uma das fases do Projeto “NeoMega” – “Neolitização e Megalitismo na Plataforma do Mondego: investigação, recuperação, integração e valorização patrimonial”. São trabalhos que têm sido desenvolvidos ao longo de três anos em oito sítios arqueológicos.

Quatro estão localizados no concelho de Carregal do Sal (Orca de Troviscos 1 e Orca de Troviscos 2 – e Monumento da Víbora) descobertos em fevereiro de 2015 por Evaristo Pinto, arqueólogo do Município, e outros quatro em Nelas. Este projeto decorre de um protocolo conjunto estabelecido entre as autarquias e a Universidade de Lisboa (Centro de Arqueologia), sendo desenvolvido durante cerca de três anos nos oito sítios arqueológicos.

A presente intervenção arqueológica na Orca de Travanca dá continuidade a uma intervenção anterior neste monumento funerário com mais de 5500 anos e inclui a escavação, estudo, limpeza, recuperação e valorização patrimonial para futura integração nos circuitos de visita municipais e inclusão dos vestígios exumados nos respetivos museus municipais. [...] jornaldocentro.pt

Os pescadores da pré-história no litoral do estado do Rio de Janeiro


Dentes de tubarão-branco encontrados em sambaquis sugerem
habilidade dos povos pré-históricos para a pesca (Foto: Divulgação)

Como era a vida dos habitantes primitivos que sobreviviam da pesca na costa do estado do Rio de Janeiro, antes da chegada dos colonizadores portugueses? Mais particularmente, como eram as condições ambientais em que estavam inseridos e qual era a fauna marinha que pescavam? Um projeto de pesquisa desenvolvido na Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), em parceria com o Museu Nacional, vinculado à Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ),

investigou os primeiros registros das pescarias pré-históricas fluminenses, nas regiões de Saquarema, Cabo Frio e Angra dos Reis. O estudo recebeu apoio da FAPERJ, por meio de um Auxílio à Pesquisa (APQ 1).

O trabalho resultou na publicação, em julho deste ano, de um artigo na renomada revista científica americana PlosOne, intitulado Path towards endangered species: prehistoric fisheries in Southeastern Brazil. “Trata-se da primeira referência documentada e ilustrada das atividades pesqueiras primitivas de toda a costa sul-americana”, destaca o oceanógrafo Orangel Aguilera, professor visitante do Instituto de Biologia da UFF e proponente do projeto contemplado pela FAPERJ. [...] planetauniversitario.com

8 millennial settlement uncovered in west-central Iran


 
ARAK, Sep. 18 (MNA) – Excavations in an ancient hill in Shazand in Central Province have found evidence of settlement which goes back to 8 millennia ago.

Ghafour Kaka, the head of excavation expedition in the site of Sarsakhti castle hill in an eponymous village in Shazand told Cultural Heritage Research Center that the evidence found in the site included simple and adorned pottery, bone and stone tools, counting tools and animal figurines, human skeletons, bone flag posts, pottery spindle whorl, and casting molds.

“Our excavations reveal that the site had been settled since 8 millennia ago (Neolithic age); according to stratigraphic work of 2012, the site contained relics of Neolithic, Eneolithic, Bronze and Iron Ages, Parthian, Ilkhanid, and Qajar periods,” Kaka added. “In spring of 2016, our excavations sought to delve deep into the oldest human settlement of the site which revealed important Eneolithic and Neolithic relics in a small tranche of 6.4 meters.” [...] Mehr News Agency


Entrada relacionada

Scotland: Amateur archaeologist finds ‘phenomenal’ trove of rock engravings


A ‘cup mark’ – a central depression with rings and grooves – discovered by Currie in central Perthshire. Photograph: George Currie
 
Scottish enthusiast George Currie’s prehistoric carvings to be included in ‘exciting’ research project 

An amateur archaeologist has tracked down hundreds of prehistoric rock engravings in Scotland in what has been described as a “phenomenal” contribution to the understanding of Britain’s earliest artworks.

Walking in all weathers once or twice a week, George Currie, 66, a musician by trade, has located more than 670 Neolithic and Bronze Age carvings over the past 15 years. He told the Observer: “It was ridiculous … I got tired of recording the stuff. I’ve never come across quite so much.”

There are many more to be found, he believes. Describing the thrill of uncovering ancient artworks that no one has seen for thousands of years, he said: “It’s quite a privilege.” [...] The Guardian

Scientists reconstructed 5 thousand years old elite tomb discovered in Ukraine


Reconstruction of the interior of the tomb. Fig. Michał Podsiadło

Scientists reconstructed the monumental 5 thousand years old tomb discovered on the border between Ukraine and Moldova. It belonged to a representative of the elite of the community of nomadic shepherds.

"This is the most complex tomb that we have discovered during the excavations carried out since 2010" - told PAP Dr. Danuta Żurkiewicz of the Institute of Prehistory, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań.

The burial is located within the barrow cemetery near the village of Prydnistryanske (Vinnytsia region) on the border of the Ukraine and Moldova near the Dniester.

Members of the community living in this area 5 thousand years ago were mobile shepherds - they moved over longer distances with carts. Consequently, no permanent settlements were built, which is reflected in the lack of discoveries of houses from this period by archaeologists. But there are cemeteries.

"They erected monumental burial mounds, which played an important role in the life of the community. They were clearly visible in the landscape - now they are destroyed and poorly outlined" - said Dr. Żurkiewicz. [...] Science & Scholarship in Poland

Prehistoric Japanese graves provide best evidence yet that dogs were our ancient hunting companions


A recreation of a Jōmon hunt with dogs. Niigata Prefectural Museum of History

Before dogs were our friends, they were our hunting companions, tracking and taking down everything from deer to wild boar. At least that’s the speculation; scientists have little proof that ancient canines actually played this role. Now, a study of more than 100 dog burials in prehistoric Japan claims to provide the strongest evidence yet that early dogs did indeed help people hunt—and may have been critical to human survival in some parts of the world.

“Until now, people have just said it rather than demonstrated it,” says Melinda Zeder, an archaeozoologist at the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C., who wasn’t part of the work. The study, she notes, dug into Japanese archaeological literature rarely seen by foreign scientists. “These findings have been hiding in plain sight.”

The project began when graduate student Angela Perri, then at Durham University in the United Kingdom, went on a hunt of her own. She wanted to get a sense of how dogs may have aided early humans in taking down game, so she did her best to approximate the activity: In 2011, she joined a group of Japanese businessmen on a wild boar hunt in a dense forest near Hiroshima. “It was terrifying,” says Perri, now a zooarchaeologist at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany. “The boar sound like a train. They’re very aggressive, and they have big tusks. At any moment, one could come charging at you.” [...] Science | AAAS / Link 2 

This is the most important difference between Homo sapiens and Neanderthals



Humans and Neanderthals mated: Ew or Aw? | Annette Elizabeth Allen
 
The key difference between human beings and Neanderthals is how we consume and expend energy. It goes a long way toward explaining why we survived to the modern era while our — literal — kissing cousins died out.

That's one of the interesting takeaways from a long article by Vox's Brain Resnick exploring the inter-species sex lives of Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis.

(Every living person not of exclusively African descent has some Neanderthal ancestry. It appears Neanderthals never made it to Africa.)

Resnick spoke to Bernard Wood, a paleoanthropologist at George Washington University. Here's the bit of their conversation that stuck out to me [...] Business Insider

Ice Age Cave Art: Unlocking the Mysteries Behind These Markings - Nat Geo Live




Publicado el 12 sept. 2016 por National Geographic
When it comes to European Ice Age cave art, researchers have primarily focused their attention on the animal and human art, largely ignoring the geometric signs found to the sides of these beautiful paintings. At most sites, the geometric signs outnumber the animal paintings by two to one. That intrigued Genevieve Von Petzinger, a 2016 National Geographic emerging explorer. What could these rarely studied signs mean? Von Petzinger takes the stage to talk about her passion for exploration and her quest to uncover the hidden meaning behind these markings.

Vídeo añadido a PaleoVídeos > L.R.2.11 nº 14.

Relacionado: September 15, 2016. First Signs: Unlocking the Mysteries of the World's Oldest Symbols - Home | Ideas with Paul Kennedy | CBC Radio
"I feel a sense of awe, no matter how many caves I visit."


Paul Kennedy takes a trip back in time to the Ice Age with renowned Canadian archaeologist Genevieve von Petzinger. That's where they discuss the possible meaning behind the strange geometric shapes that appear along with cave art from the Paleolithic Period, and her struggle to crack the code on the first form of graphic communication... (Audio)